Fat plants

Fat plants

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Question: succulent plants

hi, is it true that when transplanting a succulent plant into another pot it is good to cut all the roots and place them in the new pot without too much compressing? if yes, in what month?

Answer: succulent plants

Dear Bruna,
succulent plants, like any other plant cultivated in pots, need regular repotting, every year, or every two years, and especially in cases where it is a newly purchased plant but placed in an unsuitable soil, or a plant which has been affected by cochineal, because often these insects also tend to nest in the ground; first of all it would be advisable to understand which plant you have to repot, in order to know how its roots develop, but you can also do it simply by observing its development when you extract the plant from the pot: if the roots are taproots, and they develop mainly downwards , place the plant in a deep bell vase; if instead the roots form a sort of shallow ball, you can place the plant in a shallow bowl. Avoid placing dummy plants in bowls, and plants with shallow root systems in bowls. Repotting is done at the end of winter, or at least before your plants begin to flower, indicatively, between February and May. Extract the plant from the soil and clean it from all the old earth, especially if infested with cochineal; it is not the case to cut the roots, and it would also be appropriate to avoid breaking them, because the root system of the succulents is very delicate, and the plant could also die as a result of very drastic damage or cuts. After you have extracted the plant from the substrate, and cleaned it, place it on some paper or a newspaper and let it dry for a few days, even 6-7, so that any broken roots can heal; place the plant in a ventilated, bright place, away from rain. After this time, you can repot your succulent plant, using a special soil; also in this case, it would be appropriate to know the species, in order to understand where it originates from, and therefore what kind of soil it needs; typically a very draining soil is used, consisting of a little peat, mixed with perlite, pumice stone or river sand, so as to give rise to an unpolished substrate, which lets the rain water and watering run off. After placing the plant in the pot, avoiding in any way ruining the roots and any thorns present on the stem, place the plant in the place where it will remain for all summer, and avoid watering for at least two or three days, so that the plant can adapt to the new pot, and that any micro-traumas in the root system may dry out.