Seed broad beans

Seed broad beans

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Period and climate for sowing beans

For the sowing of broad beans we will have to choose the period that best suits the climate of our region. In southern Italy it will be possible to start cultivation already starting in the autumn, to obtain the first beans in the month of April. In central and northern areas it is better to favor sowing in late winter or early spring. Obviously the autumn cultivation will have a much longer cycle, practically twice that of the spring which in just 3 months will give the first fruits. The beans can be grown both in the plains and in the hills without too many claims in terms of exposure requirements. This plant is able to withstand the rigidity of winters quite well when temperatures drop below zero degrees, while excluding extreme frost. As for the heat, on the other hand, it tolerates long periods of dry weather and hot summers. Following the tradition we should sow the beans with the crescent moon.

Cultivation practice

The beans are not sown in seedbeds but in full field. Before starting the sowing operations it is good practice to check that the available seeds do not present holes, trying to select only those in good condition. There are various types of beans and, depending on the cultivation, we will choose the most suitable ones: early or late seeds. We will then have to establish the right distance, adjusting with a space of at least 50cm to allow manual care during the life of the plant. The seeds will be placed in shallow holes, without penetrating more than 5cm in depth. We will cover the seeds with other earth and we will bathe, waiting for the seedling to grow and develop. To facilitate germination it is possible to put the beans in a bowl for a couple of days. Within twenty days the first seedlings will appear. They can be grown on a single row or on multiple parallel rows for larger productions.

Irrigation, soil and fertilization

Broad beans, like other legume plants, are a natural fertilizer. They can be used at the beginning of rotations to facilitate subsequent cultivation. They do not require particularly fertile soil and fertilization is seldom necessary. If necessary we will be able to intervene with a hoeing and a dig, to eliminate the hardest clods. Eventually we will add well-decomposed natural home-made compost. As for irrigation, it will depend on seasonality. During spring, autumn and winter, normal rainfall may be more than sufficient. In case of prolonged periods of absence of rain it is good to intervene with a moderate irrigation. We will periodically refresh the soil with the help of a hoe, weeding, removing infesting weeds.

Seed broad beans: Adversity, remedies, harvest

The broad bean plants can be attacked by aphids, parasites and other diseases that even compromise the health of the entire crop. The most well-known natural remedy is the topping of broad bean plants. Moreover, this operation is particularly suitable for stimulating production. We will proceed with a clean and sharp tool like a simple knife. The plant can also be attacked by rust, presenting anomalies on the leaf part. It can also suffer from fungal diseases. It would be advisable to avoid chemical products by limiting, if necessary, to the use of a specific pesticide available in gardening stores. The broad bean plant that is grown in the spring bears fruit just 3 months after sowing.