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The importance of pruning
Pruning the lemon is important for optimally growing the plant, making it healthy and lush. Lemon trees can be very different in size and can be grown both in the open field or in pots, but in both cases it is important to make a correct pruning. Through good pruning we can open the top of the tree, making it more accessible for interventions that require reaching the most internal parts, such as the use of pesticides or the harvesting of fruits. Pruning the plants helps their growth, allows the sun to reach even the most internal parts, from growth space to new branches and makes them more resistant to weather and / or attacks by parasites. During pruning one must be careful not to cut the branches grown the previous year, since they will be the ones that will produce the fruits.
When to prune
Fruiting pruning must be done during the periods when the plant is in vegetative rest, exactly at the end of the summer period. The pruning work involves the elimination of the smaller branches, of the dry and damaged ones and the arrangement of those that have just fructified. The tools that are used to prune lemon are the garden shears for the thinnest branches, the shears for branches under 3 centimeters in diameter, the saw for the largest ones and finally the pruner for the tallest branches. If you need to prune lemon because your tree is sick, then be careful and disinfect the blades of the tools, thus avoiding to infect the still healthy parts. Remember that a young tree reacts better to pruning, while a tree that is already adult must be pruned more carefully.
How to prune
The recommended time to prune lemon is right after the summer season. Begin pruning by harvesting all the ripe fruit from the tree, look for all the damaged or dry branches and cut them at the base, if you see very thin branches (less than 0.5 cm in diameter) cut them because they will not bear fruit and will nourish the rest of the plant and if you notice suckers remove them, since they are harmful to the growth of your lemon tree. During the pruning operation try to give an elegant shape to your lemon, remembering that a shape with open branches allows a better aeration, making the fruits grow better and avoiding the proliferation of fungi. Try to balance the sides of the plant, maintaining a symmetrical shape and eliminating all the branches at the bottom to make the trunk more resistant.
When to prune lemon: Prune properly
Pruning a lemon tree is an operation that requires caution in following simple steps and attention in recognizing what to cut and how. Pruning is a cutting operation that will cause damage to the plant, which, if the cut is well done, will know how to react and heal, but if the cut is wrong, the plant will not know how to react and will die at that point. The pruning cuts must always be made near the trunk, the only point in which the lemon has a natural protection capable of promoting healing. Periodically look closely at your tree to see if it is fine or if it needs a pruning. If you notice yellowing and loss of foliage, you are probably undergoing a fungus attack; in this case it eliminates the infected parts and disinfects the blades before proceeding to cut the healthy parts.