Tricolor beech

Tricolor beech

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Description, how and when to irrigate the beech

Fagus sylvatica purpurea, known as tricolor beech, is a tree that has its roots in antiquity. It was already present in Japan millions of years ago, and from there it has reached Europe. It is part of the fagaceae family, it is an imposing tree with a straight and regular stem, it can reach 30/40 meters in height. It has a thick and broad crown and, in the tricolor variety, the leaves in spring take on a purple color, on the inside, with edges of shades of intense pink. Its ideal climate is characterized by minimal temperature changes and a reasonable humidity rate. It does not tolerate too hot or too cold climates and is well at an altitude between 800 and 1800 meters above sea level. As for the watering, it is good to wet the soil abundantly and even repeatedly, making sure that the water is well absorbed by the substrate. It is good to irrigate it every two or three days (but only if the soil is dry) and more frequently in summer depending on the temperatures. In winter, on the other hand, as an adult, the beech is self-regulating and only a few irrigations per month are enough.

Since its first placement in the ground the beech has to be fertilized, especially when it is still young and needs all the elements useful for a correct and healthy development. Subsequently, the tricolor beech fertilization needs to be always constant throughout the growing season, but not necessarily requires a fixed cadence. In fact it can be done every two or three years. However, it remains a plant that must be fertilized by following some specific precautions. For example, for the first fertilization it is advisable to insert in the bottom of the hole that will host the beech a sufficient quantity of manure fertilizer. This process will allow the soil to remain fertile for a couple of years. Or again, at least once a year it would be useful to add organic fertilizer, such as earthworm humus. This will ensure that the tree can have a better life cycle and can grow strong and lush.Tricolor beech: Exposure, diseases and remedies

It should be remembered that this plant loves a mild and temperate climate, so it is good practice not to expose it to too cold or too hot for its health. A fresh and humid climate is ideal for beech. However, at the time of implantation it is recommended to choose a point that is exposed to the sun for a few hours. As for the diseases, unfortunately the beech is often the target of attacks by parasites, especially when young. In particular, the roots, branches and leaves are attacked by beetles and Diptera, which also cause serious damage to the tree. The only defense against them is the use of a pesticide. In spring, then, beech may be subject to the aggression of mold, which develops in less temperate climates and due to poor soil drainage. This problem can be overcome by improving irrigation and fertilization, in order to have more drained soil to improve the quality of life of the plant.