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Irrigation of chicory: the rules to follow
Chicory has an absolute need to be watered quite regularly and, if possible, early in the morning so that the water has all the time necessary for proper evaporation (and therefore humidification of the environment). It is essential that water stagnations are not created. In fact, too much water leads to an inevitable rot of the plant's roots, with irreversible consequences. Even the chicory collar, in addition to the roots, are highly susceptible to rot. If, during the summer season, the watering must absolutely not be desired, during the winter period it is essential that the soil is kept only humid. This means that it must never be completely dry. Chicory leaves should never be wet to avoid illness.
How to cultivate and take care of chicory
In the cultivation of chicory, the preparation of the soil is very important. First of all, it must be digged very deeply. It is essential to bury a couple of kilos of mature manure per square meter of soil. Furthermore, it is advisable to have a good mineral supplement with appropriate fertilizers. The seeds should be planted about half a centimeter deep and spaced at an average of 15 centimeters apart. The cultivation needs of chicory are very scarce. It is sufficient that the soil is not excessively clayey or stony and that it is adequately fertilized. The seeds are buried at the depths indicated in different periods based on the variety of chicory. Frequent hoops are important to ensure greater aeration to the plants, taking great care not to damage the root system of any chicory.
The importance of man-made fertilization
Fertilization represents a very important phase in the cultivation of chicory. This plant absolutely needs a perfect integration of the necessary nutrients within the soil. Before sowing, therefore, it is essential to proceed with the placing of a certain amount of mature manure in the ground. This must have a high maturation. We must also combine mineral fertilizers. During the chicory growth phase it is important to administer about ten grams of calcium nitrate, in order to stimulate growth that is as adequate as possible and with perfect immunization against diseases. Contrary to what happens to many other green plants, chicory does not need a great deal of nitrogen, so the fertilizations in this sense can easily be well rationed.
Chicory: Exposure and possible diseases of chicory
Despite the fact that the chicory is a really resistant plant that shows an excellent adaptation to heat and cold, in winter the exposure must absolutely be well sunny. The sun, in fact, is a determining factor for the correct growth of chicory. In the spring and summer seasons, on the other hand, it is better to have a more sheltered area to avoid plant burns. Chicory can be subjected to various problems caused mainly by insects and parasites which often seriously damage both the leaves and the roots. Aphids, snails and snails are always lurking and can attack the leaves of chicory. The mole and the beetle attack the roots instead. Products with sulfur-based formulations are an excellent remedy. The "peronospera" is fought with special products.