Sick pepper bonsai

Sick pepper bonsai

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Question: Bonsai pepper sick

Hi I have a bonsai pepper for about a month ... for about 15 days my bonsai has a part of the tree that loses leaves and many are dark and dry ... I water it once a day and keep it inside with a window nearby. doesn't beat the sun. what am I doing?

Answer: Bonsai sick pepper

Dear Dario,
with the name pepper tree bonsai I saw in the nursery several bonsai saplings, some were specimens of false pepper, schinus molle, a tree native to South America, with minute and lanceolate leaflets, evergreen, very pleasing to the eye, with small yellow flowers in spring, followed by red fruits; the leaves and bark of schinus are very aromatic, and it is therefore very easy to understand if we have a sapling of this species, it is enough to rub a leaf. Other pepper trees I saw instead belonged to another species: sophora prostrata; shrub native to New Zealand, with tiny round evergreen leaves, shiny. These two saplings can live in the garden in Italy, even as bonsai, although it is better to repair them at home if we live in an area with very cold winters, and in any case if they live outdoors in winter they need at least protection of the tissue, especially on the vase, but also on the foliage. They are cultivated in very bright areas, possibly with at least a few hours of direct sunlight, especially from September to March; if you keep your little tree in a poorly lit place for a while, try to bring it to light gradually, a little at a time; however in the very hot months it is not advisable to place a bonsai in full sun, because it could suffer burns or suffer drought, therefore from now it finds a semi-shaded position, but with at least direct light in the morning. Both species can tolerate even long periods of drought without problems, and consider that in general it is not advisable to water the plants every day, thus keeping the soil always soaked with water; a soil that is always wet favors the development of mold, fungus and rot, and also does not allow the roots to gaseous with the outside. Therefore it seems to me the case to suspend the waterings until the ground is not very dry. Since your bonsai clearly shows symptoms due to root rot, you might think about repotting it, extracting it from the pot and cleaning it well from all the soil; the dark or soft roots will be removed, using a very well sharpened and clean shear; then sprinkle a little fungicide on all the roots and clean the pot well, then sprinkle it with some fungicide. Then reposition the sapling, with new and clean soil, consisting of a part of akadama and a part of universal soil. Then place the vase in a bright place, and water only when the soil has a dry surface.