Description and characteristics of the grape variety Friendship, growing rules and care

Description and characteristics of the grape variety Friendship, growing rules and care


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For every gardener who grows grapes in the garden, it is important to choose the right variety that is most suitable for the region. Hardiness, yield and resistance to climatic conditions are the traits that are usually paid attention to. You should take a closer look at the Druzhba grape, which has the necessary characteristics and is distinguished by its taste. It will be useful to familiarize yourself with the rules of cultivation - proper care will have a positive effect on the fruiting of grapes.

Friendship grapes: description

Friendship is a versatile grape variety. Outwardly, the culture differs little from other varieties, although there are features that, upon close examination, make it possible to accurately determine this particular variety.

External parameters

The bushes of Friendship are not too large, although the shoots are powerful and can easily support the weight of the bunches. Fruits often reach 5 g. Bunches of medium size, exceeding 400 g, subject to the rules of care.

The color of the fruit is green-yellow, often fluctuating to a light amber hue. The bunches are cylindrical, dense.

Positive and negative sides

Druzhba grapes have many advantages. Among the advantages over other varieties are noted:

  • resistance to infections;
  • excellent taste;
  • frost resistance;
  • persistent nutmeg smell;
  • early ripening;
  • versatility of use.

In addition to the advantages, the Druzhba variety has several disadvantages. Among them - the need to ration the harvest - the weight of the bunches can damage the lashes. It is recommended to remove unripe ovaries, being careful not to damage the vines.

Characteristics

Familiarity with the characteristics of the variety is a prerequisite before growing a crop. Susceptibility to frost, ripening times, the use of Druzhba grapes - knowledge of these features will simplify care and prevent mistakes.

Table universal grade

The peculiarity of the Druzhba variety is its versatility. It is recommended to use grapes for making wine, preservation, use in the preparation of desserts.

Ripening period and amount of harvest

Friendship grape is one of the earliest hybrids. Already in August, the first wave of the harvest is being harvested. In cooler regions, ripening occurs in early September. Greenhouse conditions allow harvesting in early August.

Unpretentiousness, resistance to low temperatures

There will be no particular difficulties with the cultivation of Druzhba grapes - the variety is extremely undemanding and feels great with minimal attention from the owners. It differs in culture and endurance - without covering it is capable of wintering at 25 degrees of frost, but it is better not to risk it and use a shelter.

Possible diseases and pests

Friendship has strong immunity and is rarely affected by disease. Of the diseases, only gray rot and mildew are capable of infecting grapes, against which it is recommended to use chemical preparations.Pests rarely settle on bushes, but it is better to carry out preventive treatment with chemicals.

Berry properties

Druzhba grapes are a combination of taste and persistent nutmeg aroma. In terms of the content of nutrients, berries are in the lead among the vast grape family.

Tasting characteristics

The taste of the fruits of Friendship is a combination of pleasant sourness and sweetness. Grapes are deservedly considered an analogue of nutmeg. The sugar content of ripe berries is more than 20%.

Vitamin content

Due to the increased content of vitamins, Friendship is boldly ranked among the leaders. The saturation with useful elements significantly exceeds the useful qualities of other table varieties.

Planting seedlings

Much of the successful cultivation of a variety depends on strict adherence to planting rules. Before decorating the garden with a fruiting crop, it is recommended to study the basic requirements for planting seedlings.

Planting seasonality

It is recommended to plant young grape bushes Friendship in early autumn - the plants will have time to take root, put down new roots, and prepare for wintering. If for some reason it did not work out to plant the variety, keep the seedlings in the cellar until spring and plant it in a suitable place, the bush will start growing a little later than after the autumn planting.

In open ground

Seedlings are usually planted in open ground in the fall - this guarantees a high survival rate. With a spring planting, it will take a lot of time to adapt.

In greenhouses

Growing in greenhouses is practiced only in regions with harsh climatic conditions. Planting is recommended in autumn or spring, but often gardeners experiment and carry out planting even in summer or winter (especially if the greenhouse is heated).

Growing and care

The requirements for the care and cultivation of Friendship are no different from the recommendations associated with other unpretentious grape varieties. Correct, timely watering, nutrient application, pruning are part of the rules that will have to be followed.

Pruning a bush

It is recommended to form a plant in the second year of life. Usually the main shoot is cut off, leaving a height of about a meter.

One of the disadvantages of Friendship is the formation of too many young shoots. To avoid thickening, you will have to remove excess vines annually, otherwise the number of bunches will significantly decrease, the fruits will be small.

Watering and fertilizing

It is recommended to irrigate the soil from the very spring until the first fruits appear. During the ripening period, watering is scarce; with an excess of liquid, the sugar content of the grapes will decrease.For fertilization, use mineral or complex fertilizing. Use organics only in autumn as mulch.

Prevention and protection against diseases and pests

Preventive treatments against insects and infectious diseases are a prerequisite for successful crop cultivation. Irrigation on leaves from diseases is carried out up to 2 times a season. Insecticides are used against pests; for preventive purposes, treatment is carried out up to 3 times per summer. During the ripening period of berries, the use of chemicals is prohibited - use sparing home remedies.

Preparatory work before the winter cold

Despite the frost resistance, it is recommended to take care of protecting the bushes from frost. Annuals pre-huddle, after which they use geotextiles or simply cover them with a thick layer of spruce branches.

Remove the adult grapes from the support, lay them on a spruce branch. The shelter is constructed from straw, spruce branches, and a special material.

Collection and application of fruits

Druzhba grapes are harvested at the end of August (in cool regions - in September). Shelf life is about a month, but only in cool conditions (up to 8 degrees). They process the fruits into wine, prepare canning, juices, and send them to the freezer. Desserts, pastries, fruit jelly are also very popular with housewives.

Friendship is a variety that has been tested by many gardeners and has received excellent recommendations. The unpretentiousness of the bushes, high productivity, excellent taste have long become the hallmark of grapes. Despite the abundance of varieties, it is this species that continues to be preferred by beginner and experienced gardeners.


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