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Growing sweet varieties and hybrids of corn must be carried out in compliance with certain requirements. The main purpose of the crop is canning. Among the wide variety of the best varieties of sweet corn, you need to choose those that firmly tolerate adverse factors, rarely get sick and give a consistently high yield.
Biochemical composition of sweet corn seeds
Sugar corn is a valuable vegetable crop. Its grains contain a rich vitamin and mineral complex and a high percentage of fats and proteins. At milky-wax maturity, grains are composed of 3% protein, 20% carbohydrates, 5% fats, 7% sugars and 75% moisture. In addition, choline and biotin are included in the grain.
The grains contain many macronutrients, trace elements, saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Corn varieties with yellow kernels additionally store vitamin E and carotene. Among all vegetable crops, sweet corn is considered the most nutritious. In 1 kg of corn kernels 880 kcal.
The seeds of a vegetable crop of sugar varieties are covered with a wrinkled, vitreous shell, which indicates an increased content of sugar and polysaccharides.
Among the sugar varieties of vegetables, Spirit is popular. Reviews of the Spirit vegetable variety are only positive. It ripens in two months, the yield is consistently high regardless of the growing region. The ears are long and filled with large numbers of large yellow grains.
Popular varieties of sweet corn
Breeders have developed a wide variety of sweet corn varieties. Among them, you can choose the most suitable in color, shape, ripening time and care features. The most popular varieties include: Trophy F1, Megaton F1, Boston F1, Overland F1.
High-yielding corn hybrid Boston F1 refers to mid-season plants. The period of maturity begins on the 73rd day. The sweet taste of the beans is suitable for canning and home cooking. Plant height 150 cm. Ear length 19 cm, weight 210 g. Grains are yellow, sugary, yellow. The variety is resistant to diseases, lodging.
Dobrynya F1 corn has early ripening and sweet taste. The plant can grow in any soil, and it is not afraid of any adverse conditions. Therefore, among vegetable growers, she took one of the first places.
Spirit corn has good characteristics. The variety is also unpretentious in care, resistant to many diseases and pests, wilting, cold and drought.
Corn Spirit is grown for canning and can also be eaten fresh. Plant height 190 cm, ear length 19 cm, weight 200 g. The seeds ripen on the 65th day, they have a golden yellow color.
The variety has good resistance to diseases, especially to helminthosporiosis, as well as to lodging. The hybrid is characterized by a high yield. The sugar content in grains is more than 12% and practically does not contain starch.
Bonduelle is a canned food brand that processes sweet corn varieties. Corn grains of the Bonduelle variety are canned, they are made into flakes and flour. The most commonly used variety is Spirit or Bonus.
Bonduelle corn is classified as an early-ripening vegetable crop. After the first sprouting, the ears mature at 85 days. Plant height 2.5 meters. The ears are formed in a classic, cylindrical shape. The length of the cob is 20 cm, weight is 180 g. Large yellow grains are juicy and sweet in taste.
The Legend F1 corn hybrid is one of the most popular among vegetable growers. The variety is distinguished by the early ripening of the crop, which can be harvested in 72 days. The height of the stem is 170 cm. The length of the ears is 18 cm. The grains are golden yellow in color, juicy and sweet in taste.
The variety rarely gets sick, especially it exhibits good immunity against head and stem rust, bacterial rot.
The very sweet corn variety Landmark F1 has an early ripening period of 73 days. Plant height 200 cm. More than two cobs 21 cm long with yellow, large grains can form on the stem.
The main advantage is a high resistance to diseases, especially helminthosporiosis and smut. The harvested crop is stored for a long time, retaining all the useful properties and taste.
Super Sundance F1, a high-yielding hybrid sugar corn, can be canned, boiled or eaten fresh. To get the most sweet and juicy taste, it is better to wait until the stage of milky-waxy ripeness.
The plant tolerates drought well, but does not develop well without sufficient lighting. Refers to early maturing crops. From the moment of emergence to the onset of maturity, 65 days pass. The length of the cob is 19 cm, the weight is 200 g. Super Sundance corn kernels are bright yellow in color with a delicate skin.
The variety is resistant to many diseases, including dwarf mosaic. Care requires the establishment of the correct irrigation regime and timely fertilization. Seedlings are sensitive to frost.
For Dutch corn varieties, they choose a sunny place, since the cobs do not form well in the shade. Basic care is no different from cultivating other types of crops. It is imperative to observe the sowing time, take into account the crop rotation, apply fertilizers on time, set the irrigation regime, loosen and weed the soil.
Corn Trophy F1 is grown for further harvest conservation, cooking or freezing. In any processing, grains do not lose their nutritional value and useful properties. The culture belongs to the early groups, begins to ripen after 75 days. Stem height 20 cm, ear length 21 cm, weight 250 g. Grains are yellow-orange, large and juicy with a thin shell.
The variety is characterized by resistance to diseases, lodging and drought. Seedlings are sensitive to cold weather. During cultivation, you need to monitor watering and fertilization.
Large, juicy grains of Black Pearl corn are distinguished by their unusual color. During ripening, they turn purple-red. The plant is resistant to cold weather, drought and many diseases.
Super early and sweet corn of the type Caramello F1 will delight you with its ripe harvest after 60 days. The plant reaches a height of 140 cm. The length of the ears is 21 cm, the weight is 250 g. The leaves of the culture are much wider, which allows faster accumulation of sugar and the formation of two full-fledged ears.
The variety is resistant to lodging. Due to the strong root system of the plant, the variety tolerates high air temperatures. Suitable for outdoor and greenhouse cultivation.
An early variety of corn is the Dobrynya variety. Harvesting is carried out after 70 days. The stem of the plant stretches up to 170 cm. The length of the cob is 25 cm. The plant adapts well to any soil, is characterized by resistance to wilting and disease, especially to rust, mosaic, and smut.
An early variety of sweet corn Lakomka Belogoria is unpretentious, quickly adapts to any weather conditions. Ripening of the crop occurs 82 days after germination. The length of the ears is 20 cm, their weight is 150 g. The grains are large, golden-yellow in color, juicy and sweet in taste.
The crop begins to form a large harvest early and is highly resistant to disease. The main requirement during cultivation is loosening and fertilizing the soil.
Ear of gold
Golden Ear corn is easy to care for, and the result will delight you with a sweet and plentiful harvest. Refers to mid-season crops. From the appearance of the first shoots to ripening, 92 days pass. The plant grows to a height of 170 cm. The length of the ears is 19 cm, weight is 280 g. The grains are large, yellow.
The culture is resistant to lodging, diseases characteristic of grain vegetables and is demanding on loosening the soil, proper watering, timely weeding and top dressing.
The mid-season is the Vega F1 corn variety. Ripening of the kernels on the cob begins after 75 days. The stem of the plant extends up to 2 meters. The plant is pressure-resistant, thanks to its strong root system, strong stem and wide leaves. The length of the ears is 24 cm. The harvested crop is stored for a long time.
A super early sweet corn variety is Sheba F1. The plant enters the stage of maturity after 68 days. Plant height 180 cm. Yellow-orange grains can be preserved, frozen or consumed fresh. The length of the cob is 22 cm, weight is 250 g.
Differs in resistance to disease, drought, temperature extremes and lodging, high yield. Seedlings must be protected from frost.
The crop hybrid Megaton F1 is distinguished by its mid-late maturity stage. You can harvest the crop after 85 days. Plant height reaches 250 cm. The root system is powerful, the stem is strong and protects from premature lodging. 2-3 ears can form on one stalk. The length of the cob can be up to 30 cm.
The grains are deep yellow in color. The culture tolerates drought, rarely gets sick and is attacked by pests. The harvested crop is stored for a long time, retaining its juiciness and sweetness.
Dutch breeders have developed a super-sweet corn variety Noah F1, the description and reviews will help you make the right choice. The harvested crop is suitable for conservation and cooking. The length of the cob is 20 cm, weight is 450 g, the grains are large, bright yellow.
The plant is tall, 210 cm. The ripening period is short, only 70 days. Corn Noah is rarely exposed to diseases, rarely suffers from helminthosporiosis and bacterial rot.
Dora F1 sweet corn is appreciated for its excellent taste and ease of crop care. It belongs to early maturing varieties, the ripening period begins on the 65th day from the moment the first shoots appear. The plant is powerful, 170 cm high. The length of the ears is 22 cm. The grains are golden yellow.
The harvested crop retains sweetness and juiciness for a long time, there is no starchy aftertaste. The vegetable culture is resistant to diseases, especially helminthosporiosis.
Medium early corn variety Golden Batam allows you to harvest mature ears after 75 days. The length of the cob is 19 cm, weight is 200 g. The grains are sweet, yellow in color.
The advantages of the variety are stable yield, high sugar content. Harvesting begins at the stage of milk maturity. During the season, it is necessary to carry out at least three loosening, watering should be established regularly, fertilization is carried out three times. If necessary, insect and disease control products can be used.
The hybrid super-sweet corn varieties include the Sweet Nugget F1. A rich and high-quality harvest is formed in a short time. The growing season lasts 72 days. The plant grows to a height of 170 cm. On the stem, 2-3 cobs, 23 cm long, are formed. The grains are yellow, of medium size. The leaves are wide, dark green in color, which allows you to store more sugar.
A distinctive feature is the resistance to diseases, various viruses and decay. The ears harvested in the milk stage are stored for a long time, retaining their firmness and excellent taste.
Icy Nectar corn is classified as a late-fruiting crop. From the moment of emergence of seedlings to the formation of mature grains, 130 days pass. The plant stretches up to 180 cm. The length of the cobs can reach 25 cm. The grains are large and juicy, with an unusual white-cream color.
The high-yielding corn of the Early Gourmet 121 variety has only positive reviews from vegetable growers. A large harvest is formed after 70 days. The plant is of medium height, 145 cm. A cylindrical ear, 21 cm long, weight 190 g. The grains are yellow, juicy, large, with a thin and delicate skin.
The plant is highly resistant to disease. Corn Early gourmet is desirable to grow through seedlings. Vegetable crops need timely watering, fertilization, weeding and loosening.
The technology of growing sweet corn after planting has its own characteristics.
If the summer is short, then it is best to plant through seedlings. Corn seeds are sown in separate cups to a depth of 3 cm, sprinkled with sand on top. In the future, moderate watering and an air temperature of +20 degrees are recommended. A week before transplanting, top dressing is applied and sprinkled with sand to prevent crust formation.
Sowing seeds in open ground is carried out in mid-May. The scheme for early varieties looks like this: 60x30 cm, for late varieties - 70x70 cm.The prepared holes are spilled with water, three grains are laid in them, then covered with moist and dry soil.
Corn is considered a light-loving crop. You need to choose a sunny area, away from the shade of trees and a fence, preferably on the south side of the house. In this case, the site must be protected from through winds.
The best precursors for corn are legumes, potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, onions, and fodder beets. You should not sow corn after millet and cabbage.
Corn does not have any special requirements for the composition of the soil, but podzolic, peat and chernozem soils are best suited. Lowland soils with poor outflow of water are not tolerated by vegetable crops.
In the fall, during the preparation of the land, it is advisable to apply organic and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers. In the spring, they loosen the soil and pass through the site with a rake, breaking large clods of earth.
Seeds of corn of the Spirit or any other kind, before planting, are sorted out, only healthy and dense are selected, soaked in growth stimulants and disinfected. It is advisable to warm the seeds in the sun for 5 days, then soak them in hot water. This procedure will speed up seed germination.
Sowing of corn is carried out in mid-May, when the threat of frost is over. By this time, the soil should warm up to +10 degrees. Nitrogen fertilizers can be applied the day before planting the seeds. Before planting, the soil must still be loosened to a depth of 10 cm.
Sowing corn in open ground begins in late April or early May. The first shoots should appear on the 10-12th day. In the prepared area, furrows are made to a depth of 7 cm.If the area is small, then rows are made at a distance of 60 cm.
Cereal crops for seedlings begin to be sown in early May, it is best to plant the seeds in separate peat pots. In this case, there will be minimal risk of damage to the root system during transplantation. Already in mid-June, they begin to transplant seedlings into open ground. By this time, three true leaves should appear on the seedlings.
The entire period of growing sweet corn, you need to follow some recommendations. The first time after planting, the plant grows slowly. During this time, he will benefit from loosening and weeding. Agricultural rules:
- Corn requires abundant watering. The size of the ears and the sweetness of the grains directly depend on the correct watering regime. Especially a lot of moisture is required during seed germination and ear formation.
- Loosening of the soil is carried out after each watering and after rain. The higher the plant becomes, the shallower the soil loosening depth. This will reduce the risk of damage to the adventitious roots.
- During the flowering period, an additional pollination procedure can be carried out.To do this, the male flowers are plucked (they are at the top of the stem) and shake them over flowering cobs (there are female flowers here).
- To accelerate the growth of the plant and the formation of the cob, pinching is carried out. All lateral shoots are cut off.
- Weeds should not be allowed to grow, so weeding is carried out in a timely manner.
- Carry out preventive treatments to protect against pests and diseases. At the first sign of their appearance, measures must be taken to preserve the harvest.
Fertilization takes a special place. Corn responds well to compost and humus. The first feeding can be done when 5–6 leaves will unfold on the plant. After unfolding the fifth leaf, potash fertilizers are applied. A liquid solution of ammonium nitrate, superphosphate can be added to the aisles.
If the leaves turn pale green, yellow streaks have appeared, it may be necessary to add nitrogen components. If the edges of the leaves begin to turn yellow and dry, you need to add potassium.
The ears are suitable for harvesting at the stage of milky-wax maturity. It is important not to skip this period, otherwise the grains will become coarse, hard and lose their juiciness. There are several signs that determine the ripeness of corn:
- You can determine the ripeness of the cob by the corn silk. It turns from emerald green to yellow-brown.
- Another sign of ripeness is the color of the grains. They are colored white or yellow, depending on the selected variety. In this case, the grains adhere tightly to each other, and the shell is easily pierced.
- The upper wrapping leaves of the head become dry and begin to turn yellow.
Most often, the harvest of corn begins to be harvested in early August. Harvesting is best done early in the morning.
Judging by the reviews, corn Lakomka Belogorya won one of the first places among experienced vegetable growers. It is noted that it is easy to care for corn plantings during cultivation, almost all sown seeds sprout amicably and on time. The first ears can be eaten after 90 days.
On one stem, 150 cm high, up to 4 ears can form. Vegetable growers also note the high yield of the variety, the plant does not require frequent watering, the grains of the harvested ears retain their juiciness and sweetness for a long time.
Delicious corn flavors Spirit F1
There are a wide variety of recipes that can be used with any variety of sweet corn, including Spirit F1.
A simple recipe for cooking corn in a double boiler
The ears are peeled from leaves, washed with cool water and dried with a towel. Water is poured into a bowl, and the cobs themselves are placed for steaming. The lid is closed and the time is set to 35 minutes. After the finished corn has cooled, the ears are greased with butter, sprinkled with salt and served.
Cooking requires cornmeal and canned sweet corn. The water is drained from the canned grains. Kefir is added to a separate bowl, flour is diluted in it, salt, sugar and soda are added. All ingredients are thoroughly mixed. Canned corn grains are poured into the resulting dough and frying is started. Measure out a small portion of the dough with a spoon and place in the pan.
Finely chop the peeled onions, chop the peeled carrots and celery using a grater. Cut potatoes and zucchini into small cubes.
Melted butter (20 g) and vegetable oil (25 ml) in a saucepan, and then add chopped onions, frying until golden brown. After that, add carrots and celery, and after a couple of minutes potatoes. Vegetables are poured with a liter of boiled water.
5 minutes after boiling, zucchini and canned corn are added to the vegetables along with the liquid in the jar. After that, cook for another 10 minutes. At the end of cooking, add salt, spices and melted cheese.
It is recommended to grind the finished soup in a blender until smooth. You can decorate the finished dish with herbs.
Salad with corn and mushrooms
Boil chicken fillet in salted water. The mushrooms are washed and cut into small cubes. Fry chopped onions in warmed vegetable oil until golden brown, after which mushroom cubes are added. After 15 minutes of frying, salt and pepper the onions and mushrooms.
Hard cheese is chopped on a grater, water is drained from canned corn, chicken fillet is taken out of the broth and allowed to cool. After that, the fillet and canned pineapple are cut into small cubes.
Then they begin to form the salad. The first layer in a salad bowl is spread the chicken, then the onion with mushrooms. Put corn, chopped pineapple on the mushrooms and grease everything with mayonnaise. From above, evenly cover everything with cheese.
Porridge from corn and pumpkin in a slow cooker
The peeled pumpkin pulp is cut into cubes and placed in a multicooker bowl. Add water and send to stew for 30 minutes. At this time, the corn grits are washed. As soon as the pumpkin is ready, add milk, salt, sugar, corn grits and again send to stew for 30 minutes. Then add butter and heat for 10 minutes. The porridge is ready.