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Question: orchids

hi my question is: I have had an orchid in my home for about two months, it has flowered just right now it has lost all its flowers. How do you go about not letting her die?

Answer: orchids

Dear Giovanna,
orchids are a very large family, which has thousands of species, many of which (especially their hybrids) are grown in European nurseries, to enjoy their beautiful blooms. Obviously, even if the flowers of these beautiful plants last several weeks, after flowering we will cultivate the leaves, so that the plant grows healthy and luxuriant, and gives us more flowers. To know how to cultivate a faded orchid, it is essential to know what species it is, and not having any information, it is difficult to give advice. In Italy, in nurseries, in fact only a few species of orchids are available, unless you have gone to a well-stocked nursery, specialized in orchids, or have not purchased your plant during a fair, by an exhibitor who collects plants from orchids. Most of the orchids sold in Italy are part of the Phalaenopsis genus: they have one or two broad leaves that develop almost horizontally to the ground, broad, fleshy and shiny; the plant develops some green pseudobulbs, and green, or white, aerial roots, which appear to be covered with paper; between the leaves, at the junction, a thin stem develops, which in nature would be arched, but is kept erect with sticks to which it is attached, on which numerous colored flowers bloom, with a contrasting color lip; the size of the flowers is varied, because there are mignon varieties, with flowers no wider than 3-5 cm, up to the enormous varieties, with flowers large up to 10-12 cm in diameter. These orchids usually tend to develop new buds along the floral stem, which will give rise to a new stem, and on which the new shoots will be produced; for this reason the floral stem is left intact after flowering, unless it dries up on its own. Other orchids that produce flowers on a thin trunk instead, as soon as the stem is dead they produce a new one, and it is therefore convenient to cut it at the base as soon as the last flower has withered. Try looking online if your orchids are phalaenopsis. After deciding whether or not to cut the stem, keep the plants in a luminous place, periodically water, a couple of times a week in summer, less in winter, avoiding leaving the substratum very wet; it increases the environmental humidity often vaporizing the foliage, and once a month add to the water some fertilizer for orchids. If, on the other hand, your orchid is made up of squat stems, along which thin leaves and small flowers develop, then it is very likely that it is a deciduous species, meaning that when autumn arrives it will tend to dry up completely: it leaves the vase in a cool, dark place, and starts watering again only when you see the new shoots in the spring.