How and how much you can store peeled walnuts at home

How and how much you can store peeled walnuts at home



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Since ancient times, the nut has been called the "tree of life", because its fruits are able to satisfy hunger, restore strength and even cure a person. Eating a handful of nuts a day can saturate the body with vitamins, organic acids, minerals, fiber, essential oils and unsaturated fats. But it is important not only to know how to harvest the fruits, but also how to store peeled walnuts or in shells at home.

What walnuts are suitable for storage

When choosing nuts suitable for storage, you should, first of all, take into account the timing of fruit collection:

  1. Early falling of nuts indicates that the tree lacks nutrients for ripening, or the presence of pests.
  2. The fruits that have fallen off as a result of strong winds are only suitable for consumption in the coming days.
  3. Young nuts, during subsequent storage, will lose moisture, which the kernels are saturated with, and turn into fruits with a dry, tasteless core.
  4. Choose for storage only those nuts that have fallen off themselves during the period of strong "hair loss" of the tree.

Walnut fruits are harvested from the third decade of August to the end of September.

How to choose a nut

It is very easy to choose suitable specimens for the procurement, given:

  1. Nuts of the same size are suitable for winter storage, without dirt and dark rind, indicating last year's harvest.
  2. The shell should not have chips or cracks. Otherwise, the nuts will quickly deteriorate or mold.
  3. Before buying, it is advisable to open a few nuts and check the kernels for freshness. Bitter, dark kernels with a specific rancid odor are not suitable for subsequent harvesting. The taste of the beans should be sweet and pleasant.
  4. Shake a few nuts in your hands beforehand. At the same time, fresh nuts do not emit a rolling sound of nucleoli, indicating that the kernels are already overdried or the fruits have been stored at elevated temperatures.
  5. At the same time, fruits suitable for storage should not be very light. Such nuts are often empty inside.

Suitable for long-term storage and walnuts already without shell. In addition, you can significantly reduce the time for peeling raw materials, review all nucleoli for the presence of rotten, spoiled or sluggish specimens.

When purchasing such seeds, you should consider:

  1. All nucleoli must be the same color. Indeed, only in this case, you can be sure: all fruits are one year old, and are not mixed with the previous harvest.
  2. Do not choose crushed kernels, as this is how sellers hide spoiled raw materials.
  3. Do not buy raw materials on the streets, near transport forks, because the kernels absorb dust, dirt, debris from the roads.
  4. Be sure to taste the product. The characteristic bitterness and unpleasant aroma immediately indicate a poor-quality product.

How to prepare nuts for harvesting

If the nuts were harvested in damp weather, they must be dried in a well-ventilated area. Then free the fruits from the shell and send them to the oven for 60 minutes for roasting. In this way, it is easy to protect the crop from moths and other pests.

Best option for home storage

When choosing options for storing fruits at home, one should start from the factor whether the nuts will be stored whole or in separate nucleoli. You can save a useful product for a long time in two ways at once.

Features of storing walnuts in shell

In the shell, fruits can be stored for a long time if nuts of the proper quality are prepared or purchased. To preserve the product for a long time, you need to consider a few simple storage features:

  1. Before harvesting for the winter, the raw materials must be sorted out and dried naturally or in the oven at a minimum temperature.

Dry nuts by sprinkling them on a cloth or paper, on the floor. Thus, the fruits will dry out in 5-6 days. In this case, the nuts need to be mixed periodically. You can speed up drying by placing the fruits in the oven at a temperature of 40-50 degrees and leaving them in this position for 1 hour.

  1. Arrange the prepared nuts on glass or metal dishes and close the containers tightly with lids. In this way, it is easy to preserve the harvest for up to six months.
  2. If the nuts will be used in the near future (2-6 months), it is enough to pack the dried fruits in fabric bags.
  3. It is not necessary to store workpieces on the balcony due to the high humidity in the room.
  4. Storage at high temperatures is also contraindicated for the product, otherwise the nucleoli will dry out completely.

If you stock up on nuts for future use in the fall, you can forget about the problems of the cardiovascular, skeletal systems, gastrointestinal tract for the whole year and reduce the risk of tumors.

Peeled nucleoli

You can also store the kernels of nuts, observing a number of conditions:

  1. Chop the prepared nuts.
  2. Sort the kernels and dry in the oven, placing them on a baking sheet covered with parchment.

When igniting the nucleoli, do not allow the release of oil, otherwise the product will be bitter. In the same way, you can save raw materials from subsequent decay.

  1. Cool the grains. Pack the crop in glass or tin containers, close tightly with lids.
  2. The workpieces are stored at room temperature for no more than 14 days.

Conditions for long-term storage

You can extend the shelf life of a peeled nut treat by observing the conditions for long-term storage:

  1. Store the seeds in an apartment in a dark, cool and dry place, packaged in clean glass jars.
  2. Fold the prepared and dried kernels in a glass container, close the lids and put them in the refrigerator compartment on the lower shelf.
  3. Pack the crop in plastic bags, seal it tightly and put it in the freezer.

To keep the nuts in the shell for a long period, you need:

  1. Calcine the raw materials and place them in glass jars, wooden boxes, cloth bags.
  2. Place the workpieces at home, in rooms with low humidity and low temperatures. Excessive moisture will cause the fruit to rot. And temperatures above 21 degrees will lead to rancidity of the product.
  3. Store fruits indoors without sudden changes in temperature. Do not place fruits near "fragrant" vegetables and fruits, otherwise they will absorb third-party odors.

To preserve the nuts for a long time, the room is fumigated with sulfur. This way you can also protect the product from mold and give the shell a light shade.

Observing the above conditions, you can save beneficial fruits for 6-12 months.

Drying container

When looking at the container in which to store the nuts, you need to consider the following:

  • the container must be dry, clean, free from damage and third-party odors;
  • it is better to pack the blanks in glass or clay jars. Cover the container with a loose lid;
  • unpeeled nuts are well stored in simple cardboard boxes or wooden boxes;
  • avoid storing raw materials in plastic bags, since the material does not allow air to pass through and contributes to the development of pathogenic microflora, mold;
  • a container with peeled nuts must be tightly closed with lids;
  • for freezing the product, plastic containers or bags with fasteners are suitable.

By choosing the right container for storage, you can significantly increase the shelf life of the product.

Temperature and humidity

It is important to observe favorable conditions when storing raw materials. The average storage temperature of the product can vary from -5 to +10 degrees. Humidity should be no more than 60%. It is also necessary to protect the product from direct sunlight.

Expiry dates

How many months or years to store nuts depends on a number of factors, for example, on compliance with the harvesting conditions, the choice of storage space, containers, temperature and humidity in the room.
Kolotykh

Chipped blanks are stored:

  • the kernel can be stored for up to 21 days, provided that the blanks are packaged in sealed containers made of glass or tin in a dark dry room;
  • up to 6 months - in the refrigerator compartment, on a side or bottom shelf;
  • 1 year - in the freezer compartment, scattering the grains into bags with fasteners, plastic bowls with lids.

Unrefined

The shelf life of the unrefined product is 12 months.

Ways to increase shelf life

Keeping a large number of nuts for a long time is not easy. The crop will quickly fall into disrepair if not create favorable conditions for preservation.

However, even with the observance of the temperature regime and constant control over the condition of the raw materials, it is very difficult to preserve the fruits throughout the year. In this case, it is better to use the alternative ways of storing the healthy treat, given below.

Can I fry

By frying the kernels in a skillet, you can easily increase the shelf life of the product. In this case, you can fry the workpieces both in the microwave and in the oven. After frying, the raw materials must be cooled and placed in sealed jars or fabric bags. Store the product in a dry and cool room. Check the nucleoli once a month for mold and dry again.

To preserve the product for a long time, you can make a simple preparation from the nucleoli with the addition of honey. To do this, combine honey and nuts in a 1: 2 ratio. Insist the resulting mass for several days in a dark place and store in the refrigerator. Store such a product for a year.

By roasting nuts in a pan, they improve their taste and shelf life of raw materials. But at the same time, vitamin B is lost.

Freeze

You can store nuts in the refrigerator for no more than 2-3 weeks. But in order to preserve a valuable delicacy for a long time, it is better to freeze the nucleoli by packing them in plastic bags or plastic containers. Thus, you can have a storehouse of vitamins and minerals at hand for a whole year.

Defrosting a nut treat is very easy. It is enough to leave the nuts at room temperature for 15 minutes or place them on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator for 2-3 hours.


Watch the video: How Walnuts Are Hulled, Stored, Shelled u0026 Pasteurized