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Pig farming is a profitable business with good profits. Novice farmers often wonder how to feed their own livestock so that the animals gain weight quickly and the diet is balanced. Is it possible to give corn to small and grown-up piglets, this is often asked by people who have recently decided to start a personal subsidiary farm or their own farm.
Can piglets be fed corn?
In order for the animals to grow quickly, and the meat to be of high quality, with an optimal ratio of fat, a varied, balanced diet is needed. Corn is a cereal that gives animals energy and allows them to gain weight quickly. Therefore, it is possible to feed small piglets, sows and animals during the fattening period with cereal.
It contains a small amount of protein, so its diet should contain no more than 50%, the rest will be protein feed, then the animals will quickly gain weight and develop correctly.
The benefits and harms of the product
For fattening, grains, cobs and extruded corn are used. The latter option is optimal for babies, the amount of cereal in their food should be no more than 30%. Extrusion is the grinding of whole grains, the resulting cereals, rich in protein, and given to piglets as part of feed mixtures. Corn is good for animals because:
- provides them with a large amount of carbohydrates;
- allows you to quickly gain weight;
- in combination with protein-rich feeds (peas, reverse, yogurt), it provides a balanced diet.
Disadvantages occur if there is not enough protein in the feed or the proportion of corn exceeds 50% of the daily ration:
- piglets suffer from a lack of magnesium, calcium, essential amino acids;
- piglets get fat quickly;
- fat loses its density and quickly deteriorates (tendency to rancid).
The presence in the diet of vegetables (carrots, pumpkin, potatoes), herbs (nettle, heather), dairy products (yogurt, skim milk, whole milk) eliminates the problem. Bone meal, cake, feed yeast serve as a source of vitamins and minerals. If the piglets are given fishmeal, they stop using it 2 months before slaughter, otherwise the meat will have an unpleasant smell and taste.
How to give correctly
The pigs are given a litter of corn kernels, and the cereal is ensiled from the kernels ground together with the cobs. They monitor the quality of the feed, it should not be moldy, bitter, do not grind the grains to a powdery state.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Important: since the ground grain quickly goes rancid, due to the high fat content, the stock of turf is made for no more than 10 days.
Fresh maize of milk ripeness is given in season. The grating is mixed with waste from the table or dairy products. Feeding dry and whole grains is not performed to avoid disturbing the digestion of piglets. Grain can make up 30-40% of the daily ration of animals. 2 months before slaughter, cereal is completely excluded from the pigs ration in order to improve the commercial quality of lard and meat.
How to distinguish feed corn from food corn?
For animals, fodder varieties are preferable. The cobs of such corn are longer, the grains in them are dense, tough, of a rich yellow color. The food variety has short, thick ears, the grains in them are pale, the taste of the cereal is more juicy and sweet.
Corn grows quickly, gives good yields. It is beneficial to use it when fattening livestock. This cereal is included in feed mixtures for almost all farm animals, not only for pigs and pigs.