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Effective breeding of geese requires a competent approach from breeders from the initial stage of the bird's life cycle. Balanced nutrition is considered the key to health and harmonious development of young animals. Vitamins are necessary for goslings in the first days of life when raising birds at home. Vitamin components supplement the diet and are involved in the regulation of biological processes that ensure the endurance and vitality of the brood.
What vitamins should be given to geese
Vitamins are biologically active compounds that in small doses regulate the most important biochemical processes in the body of birds. The lack of these substances becomes the cause of various diseases, disrupts physical development. With hypovitaminosis, geese weaken, grow poorly, become vulnerable to infections and parasites.
To raise healthy birds, it is imperative to ensure the presence of vitamins A, D, B2 in the diet of young animals.
Vitamin A (retinol) is involved in redox reactions in the body, the formation of epithelial tissues, and provides visual acuity. The lack of retinol disrupts the work of various organs and systems. Hypovitaminosis is manifested in goslings by the following conditions:
- decreased visual function;
- impaired coordination of movements;
- apathetic behavior;
- ruffled plumage (down);
- digestive disorders;
Retinol is found in fish oil, carrots, beets, pumpkin, and onion feathers.
Vitamin D is used in the form of D2 (ergocalciferol) or in the more active form of D3 (cholecalciferol). Hypovitaminosis causes the development of rickets in goslings. The bones of the legs, ribs, joints, spine, sternum are deformed. The characteristic feature is a change in the structure of the beak, which becomes soft and bends.
The recommended daily intake for 10-day-old chicks is 0.7-1.5 micrograms.
Vitamins for goslings B2
Vitamin B2 (riboflavin) is involved in the metabolism of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, the synthesis of hemoglobin and the maintenance of visual function. Hypovitaminosis appears in goslings with delayed growth rates, paralysis of the legs, and disturbances in the functioning of the digestive tract (diarrhea).
Goslings also need tocopherol, pantothenic and niacin. Chicks partially receive vitamin compounds with food and herbs. In addition, for the prevention of hypovitaminosis, goslings are given the following drugs:
- Nutril Se;
- fish fat.
Vitamin complexes are especially relevant in the cold season, when the goslings are in the poultry house, there is no fresh greenery or its quantity is limited.
How to give vitamins correctly
Vitamins and premixes are given to goslings by mixing with feed, and in the early stages of development - with water. They begin to give drugs to goslings from the first day of life. The hatched chicks begin to feed immediately after drying. Food is offered every 2-3 hours, starting with a boiled egg. On the same day, fresh herbs (usually chopped onion feathers) are mixed with the egg, and a little steamed grain is added to the evening feeding.
Zarechny Maxim Valerievich
Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.
Newborn goslings are immediately given drinking bowls with boiled water. In contrast to adult birds, vitamins are added to the water for day-old chicks. The drinking bowls are removed for 20 minutes, then fresh water is poured. Add the drug to the water and make sure that the chicks drink the liquid.
From 3-5 days of life, the egg is harvested, and the amount of grain and greens is increased. To meet the nutrient requirements of a 5-day-old chick, it is necessary to give greens 2 times more than grains. The recommended rate is 50 grams.
From one week of age, the nutrition of young animals becomes more varied. Legumes are added to the diet as a source of vegetable protein and B vitamins. To replenish the deficiency of minerals, they begin to mix meat and bone meal. Fish oil containing retinol and omega acids is also added to the main feed.
Increasingly, farmers are practicing alternative feeding with ready-to-use balanced mixtures. 7-day-old goslings can be offered the fortified PK-5 compound feed. Developed and feed mixtures for chicks from the first days of life under the name "Start", containing all the necessary nutrients and vitamins in an easily digestible form.
From the 10th day of life, boiled vegetables are introduced in the form of mash. A large proportion of the diet is grass (100 grams per chick). Vitamins are added to the water. Monthly goslings are fed like adult birds. Vitamins are mixed into the feed.