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The breed of chickens Yurlovskaya vociferous fell in love with many poultry breeders. This species of birds is characterized by many advantages. They are distinguished by high meat productivity, produce large eggs and have strong immunity. An important feature is the excellent survival rate of chickens. To achieve success in growing these birds, you should strictly follow the rules of care. To do this, chickens need to equip the poultry house and balance their diet.
Description and characteristics of chickens Yurlovskaya vociferous
Many important features are characteristic of the Yurlovsky birds. They have a powerful body and strong legs. Also, birds have a tendency to the vertical arrangement of the body.
Appearance of the breed
The key features of chickens of this breed include the following:
- strong elongated body and powerful legs;
- pronounced belly;
- wings pressed to the body;
- Long neck;
- large head and small beak;
- strong forehead with eyebrows - gives the birds a formidable look;
- pink scallop and rich red earlobes.
Eye color directly depends on the color of the feathers. The most common hens are black chickens, which have a silvery back and gold spots. You can also find white and silver birds.
Feathers of chickens are not very dense. At the same time, the tail is quite lush and long. It stands out against the background of the bird's body.
Chickens of this variety are distinguished by a complex disposition. Birds are quite hot-tempered and aggressive. Males and females do not accept new members of the herd. They cannot be kept with other breeds of birds.
Birds tend to solve all problems with fights. Therefore, it is so important to correctly distribute all family members. Otherwise, there is a risk of injury and loss later. Singing is considered a key feature of roosters. Moreover, their voice can be heard at a distance of 20 meters.
Despite the purebredness of the breed, there are certain nuances in the maternal instinct of birds. Hens have an instinct for incubation, but it is not fully manifested. The hen can incubate eggs for a long time, and then suddenly leave the nest. Therefore, poultry farmers need to control the birds. In some situations, it is better to use incubators.
Puberty and egg production
The birds are characterized by late ripening. It occurs at 8-9 months. The delay is thought to be due to high body weight and prolonged muscle development.
Egg production is considered average. Chickens produce 160 eggs each year. Moreover, they are very large and weigh more than 70 grams. Meat productivity is considered to be quite high. Roosters grow up to 6-7 kilograms, layers weigh 2-2.5 kilograms less.
The main positive and negative aspects of the breed
These birds have certain advantages and disadvantages. The key advantages include the following:
- average egg production and excellent meat production;
- excellent taste of products;
- large eggs;
- good fertility;
- high survival rate of chickens;
- strong immunity.
At the same time, birds also have certain disadvantages:
- late ripening;
- aggressive disposition;
- the impossibility of growing birds in cages.
Nuances of content
There are certain features of keeping hens. Thanks to the strict implementation of the recommendations, it is possible to achieve success in their cultivation.
Requirements for the premises
It is best to keep birds at a temperature of +12 degrees. In this case, it is worth providing access to daylight for 13-14 hours. It is important to ensure that there are no drafts. It is also worth ensuring normal air circulation. In terms of size, it is worth choosing such a room so that one chicken accounts for 0.5 cubic meters.
It is recommended to avoid getting the litter wet. If it is constantly wet, there is a risk of developing coccidiosis, necrobacteriosis and other diseases. Of the coatings, it is worth giving preference to a deep litter. It is made from peat, sawdust or straw. Such materials absorb moisture easily. It is recommended to take out the bedding 2 times a year.
It is worth keeping the coop clean.
It is recommended to lay a layer of lime on the floor. Thanks to this, it will be possible to avoid the development of fungal infections and the reproduction of microorganisms.
This breed needs ample freedom. This will help the chickens feel as comfortable as possible. Therefore, it is worth building a walking yard for the birds. It is recommended to protect it with a fence. Such an area will provide birds with walks at any time.
Feeders and drinkers
Birds need proper feeders and drinkers. For each chicken, you should set aside 10 centimeters for food and 2.5 centimeters for drinking. It is recommended to fill the drinking bowl by a third.
Mineral components should be placed in a separate feeder. Drinkers can be of different types. Farmers use flute, nipple, vacuum devices. It is important that water does not fall on the floor and that droppings do not enter the drinker.
Planned herd replacement
The life span of chickens is 5-7 years. However, it is permissible to keep them for a maximum of 2-3 years. Since the maintenance of chickens is associated with significant costs, it is recommended to send them to slaughter immediately after the end of the productive period, namely 2 years.
By this period, the grown chicks begin to lay. It is permissible to send roosters for slaughter in 1 year. It is during this period that they reach their maximum weight.
Molt and break of egg production
The longest duration of the seasonal molt of birds is 3 months. At this time, the laying completely stops. To support chickens, it is worth enriching their nutrition with vitamins, minerals and other useful elements.
In order for birds to grow and develop normally, it is recommended that they provide a complete and balanced diet.
The first feeding of the young is carried out after the cannon has dried. In this case, it is worth using a boiled egg. On the third day, it is allowed to introduce minced meat, cottage cheese, cereals and maggots into the diet.
From 2 to 6 months, birds grow intensively. During this period, they should be provided with adequate nutrition, which contains important elements. The main element of the diet should be compound feed. The chicks' menu includes vegetables and herbs. These components are responsible for the normal functioning of the digestive organs.
The diet of adult birds should contain a large amount of wheat, soybeans, peas, corn. Males are given 150 grams of food, females - 100-120 grams. In winter, herbal flour should be introduced into the diet. It is used twice a week.
Also, birds need vegetables and herbs. In winter, birds are given 100 grams of vegetables per day. Protein foods should be present in the daily diet. Such components are found in maggots, worms, meat, cottage cheese, fish.
During the laying period, it is worth including shells and chalk in the diet. In other periods, they are also added to the menu, but in a smaller volume. In summer, it is important to give the birds a lot of greenery. It is also worth monitoring your fluid intake. Otherwise, the birds become weak.
In half of the cases, laying hens become excellent brooders and hatch up to 100% of the chicks. However, the average survival rate is 70%. Chicks are large in size and dark plumage.
A feature of the growing up of birds is considered to be rare and late plumage. However, this does not mean a lack of food. It should be borne in mind that an increased temperature, starting from the age of two months of chicks, leads to a decrease in the intensity of their growth. Therefore, this indicator should be monitored.
Breeding chicks in cages, excessive use of red lamps, or nutritional deficiencies in feed will cause the toes to deform. Roosters are more susceptible to this problem.
Possible diseases and their prevention
This breed of chickens is characterized by natural disease resistance. However, experienced poultry farmers recommend preventive measures. Chicks should be vaccinated at an early age. To avoid infestation of birds by parasites and ticks, you should strictly follow the rules of hygiene.
The breed of chickens Yurlovskaya vociferous has many advantages, and therefore is very popular with poultry farmers. In order to achieve success in the cultivation of feathered birds, it is important to properly equip the chicken coop and establish the nutrition of the chickens.