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The remontant strawberry of the American Monterey variety conquered the hearts of gardeners with the attractiveness of ripe berries, large fruit size and genetic ability to bear fruit all season. Growing remontant varieties is a laborious task, the gardener must know all the subtleties and nuances of handling a whimsical berry. The California beauty is recommended to be grown in temperate regions.
The main characteristics of the Monterey variety
American breeders created Monterey in California in the early 2000s. The hard-fruited strawberry variety Albion was taken as a basis.
- Repair berry of a light neutral day.
- Medium early, begins to bear fruit from the end of May.
- Forms a powerful bush with large leaves.
- High yield, up to 2 kg of berries per season from one bush.
- Large-fruited, fruit weight 50 g.
- The taste of the berries is balanced, sweet, the fruits are not sour.
- Strong immunity.
The California berry can be grown indoors. In greenhouses, Monterey bears fruit all year round. Ripe fruits are elastic, keep their shape well, berries can be used for whole-fruit canning.
Description of strawberries
A powerful American strawberry bush forms up to 14 peduncles. The flowers are large, white on thick stems. Daughter rosettes provide additional yield. The leaves are large, shiny, regular shape. The root system is well developed. Fruits are conical in shape, pointed towards the base.
Monterey bears fruit in four stages. At extremely high temperatures, the berries do not have time to ripen completely, the yield decreases.
Positive and negative sides of garden strawberries
Monterey is a proven variety of remontant garden strawberries suitable for commercial cultivation. The variety tolerates the mistakes of novice gardeners, but requires care and adherence to agricultural technology.
The main benefits of strawberries include:
- Winter hardiness: berries do not require additional shelter for the cold season (if the air temperature does not drop below -25 C), it is enough to sprinkle the bushes with organic mulch.
- Undemanding to watering, with a sharp change in the level of humidity, the fruits retain their juiciness.
- It can lay flower buds at a temperature of +2 C.
- Forms a moderate number of stepchildren.
- Excellent transportability of ripe crops.
- Seedlings quickly take root, do not get sick.
The disadvantages of the variety include:
- Demanding plants to soils: Monterey does not tolerate sandy soils or loam.
- Photophilous plant, poorly tolerates shade and partial shade.
- Bushes grow quickly, it is necessary to observe the rows when planting seedlings and the distance between the bushes.
- In order not to reduce the yield, it is necessary to frequently update the plantings.
Monterey is genetically resistant to major diseases in strawberries. The plant responds well to top dressing. With regular fertilization, it fully reveals its full potential.
Growing garden strawberries is not an easy process. First of all, you need to choose the right seedlings and a place for strawberry plantations. The seedlings must first be prepared for transplanting and properly planted in the soil, preventing the beds from thickening.
Pick up time and place
Repaired strawberries can be planted at any time of the year, except for winter and late autumn. In the spring, as soon as the threat of frost has passed, young seedlings are ready for planting in the beds.
The relief of the plot for American strawberries must be chosen correctly - Monterey does not like to grow on slopes and depressions. The site should be flat and well lit. The nutrient characteristics of the soil should be at a height. Moderate black soil is a great option.
Important! Californian remontant strawberries will not grow in acidic soils with a lot of limestone.The Monterey root system does not tolerate moisture stagnation, the groundwater level should be no higher than 1 m. The absence of drafts is a prerequisite for good strawberry yields.
Preparation of seedlings
Monterey is propagated in four ways:
- By dividing the bush.
Dividing a bush and planting seedlings are the simplest and most reliable options. The plantings are formed from healthy, not twisted bushes with a good root system. As a preventive measure, it is recommended to treat the roots with antimicrobial drugs or sprinkle them with wood ash. Too long roots are shortened by a third. Withered or yellowed leaves are removed.
The soil is prepared for planting plants within a month. The beds must first be dug to a depth of 30 cm, weeds must be removed, and a complex of mineral and organic fertilizers must be applied. Superphosphate and humus are required.
Planting of plants is carried out in the evening or in cloudy, little sunny weather. On the bed, holes and rows are marked, observing the ratio: 50 cm between rows, 40 cm between bushes. You can additionally add humus to each hole and add a small amount of urea. The seedlings are placed in recesses (20 cm), spreading the roots, sprinkle with earth.
Important! The core of the bush should not be covered with earth, the plants are planted in a checkerboard pattern.Each bush must be watered and small shelters made from the scorching rays of the sun.
The nuances of plant care
Caring for Monterey is traditional, as for most remontant varieties of berries. Top dressing, weeding, loosening, preventive measures to protect plants from pests and diseases.
Strawberry plantations must be periodically loosened, the optimum depth is 3 cm. The roots of the plant must be ventilated and receive oxygen. The loosening process is combined with the harvesting of weeds. It is imperative to remove weeds, they take food from the berries and can be carriers of diseases. In early spring, it is important to remove debris, old leaves and winter shelters in the form of mulch. This will free up young buds, and the plant will quickly gain strength for growth.
Strawberries bear fruit throughout the season, and the soil is quickly depleted. Fertilizers must be applied regularly. Feeding with cow cakes, bird droppings is a proven method. The main thing is not to "burn" the plants, be sure to observe the dosage. From mineral fertilizers used nitrophosphate, urea, superphosphate, wood ash.
Drip irrigation is the best way to moisturize the soil and leaves of plants; fertilizers can be introduced through it. With excess moisture, the roots of strawberries may begin to rot, but the taste and structure of the fruit will not deteriorate, the berries will not become watery. This feature is genetically laid down by breeders.
Plants should be watered 3-4 times a week. If strawberries are grown outdoors, then only in the evening or early in the morning.
Opinions about the frost resistance of the berry vary. Manufacturers declared the plant's relative hardiness to frost. Monterey does not require additional shelters for the winter at temperatures not lower than -25 C. But experienced gardeners cover strawberries of this variety for the winter with a film or covering material.
Protection against diseases and pests of strawberries
Powdery mildew disease is a major problem in growing Monterey strawberries. The disease spreads quickly and can destroy all strawberry plantations.
First of all, it is necessary to remove all affected leaves, stems and fruits from infected plants. It is also recommended to remove the top layer of soil under them. Chemicals can be used to stop the spread of the disease.
You can not plant strawberries after potatoes - this is the rule of crop rotation. If this law is not followed, strawberry plantings can be overcome by a nematode, which is difficult to cope with. Table salt is used as soil disinfection in proportions of 1 tablespoon of salt to 1 liter of water. This solution is poured over the soil before planting strawberry seedlings in the beds.
Reproduction of culture
Quality seedlings are obtained from seeds and grow seedlings on their own. Experienced gardeners propagate Monterey by dividing the bush: at the same time they thin out the beds and increase the number of bushes.
Strawberries of the remontant variety Monterey, in the process of growth and fruiting, form a sufficient number of whiskers. Dabbing in daughter outlets is a traditional and productive way of growing strawberries.
Collection and storage of garden strawberries
American strawberries are used commercially. Monterey fruits have an elastic strong protective film, the berries do not wrinkle and do not quickly "give juice". The transportability of the berries is excellent.
You can preserve the fruit of Monterey with whole berries. They can be frozen and decorated with desserts. At the same time, the berry retains its rich sweet taste and delicate aroma. It is recommended to keep fresh strawberries in wicker baskets or fruit boxes in a dark, cool, ventilated place.
The Monterey strawberry variety is known to gardeners and has been grown in home gardens for two decades. During this time, many positive reviews about this culture have accumulated. To get a decent harvest, you will have to work hard, but the result will please: large fragrant berries on the table all year round.