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The Rosemus grape is considered a very popular crop. It produces a good harvest and is resistant to many diseases. This variety is able to withstand quite severe frosts. Therefore, many gardeners choose it. In order to achieve success in growing a culture, it is important to competently carry out planting work and pay attention to the full care of the plant.
The grapes of this variety were bred by the Zaporozhye breeder Zagorulko V.V. The hybrid was based on the varieties Arcadia or Sofia. As a result, it was possible to bring out a more sugary culture with nutmeg notes. The variety is often called Rasmus.
Description and characteristics of the variety Rosemus
This plant is characterized by large berries. The bunch can weigh up to 1 kilogram. The structure of the fruit is soft and juicy. They have a sweet, rich taste with a slight sourness.
Each berry weighs 12 grams and has a round-oval shape. The rind is not felt when eating. The fruits have a pronounced aroma similar to the scent of a tea rose.
At the same time, nutmeg notes persist in fruits until October.
Advantages and disadvantages of grapes
The key plant benefits include the following:
- full maturation of the vine;
- high resistance to frost;
- bisexual crop with a good level of pollination;
- unusual taste and attractive appearance of the fruit;
- excellent portability;
- resistance to powdery mildew, mildew and rot;
- resistance to wasps.
Ripe bunches can hang on the bushes for a long time without losing their taste. At the same time, the variety also has certain disadvantages. These include the need for shelter for the winter. Peas are sometimes observed.
How to grow a crop correctly
To succeed in growing a plant, he needs to provide complete and high-quality care.
It is best to carry out planting work in the spring. However, in the south, bushes can be planted in the fall.
How to choose a landing site
The plant requires a well-lit area. It should be planted on the south side of the buildings. An elevation without drafts is best suited. It is not recommended to plant the crop in the shade. Also, the neighborhood with trees that are distinguished by powerful roots is not suitable.
Before purchasing seedlings, it is worth examining for integrity. They must be strong and healthy. When you buy a diseased plant, you can infect an entire garden.
How to plant grapes
It is worth preparing the groove 2-3 weeks before planting. Rosemus grapes require a pit 60-80 centimeters wide and 60-70 centimeters deep. Set aside 10 centimeters of the top layer. It is recommended to fill the pit with a composition based on humus and mineral fertilizers.
With heavy soil at the bottom, it is worth making a pillow based on crushed stone or crushed brick. Its thickness should be 5 centimeters. In this case, sand should be added to the soil itself.
Before planting, it is recommended to soak the bushes in water or a growth stimulator. After which they are installed in a recess, sprinkled with earth and watered abundantly.
In order for the bush to fully develop and bring a good harvest, it needs high-quality care.
It is recommended to water the bushes 2 times a week. In drought, the number of watering is increased up to 3 times.
The plant needs abundant soil moisture. After the procedure, the soil should be loosened and mulched.
The vines need to be fed. To do this, you can buy ready-made compositions - Thanos or Benefit. You can also feed yourself. To do this, it is recommended to take 1 kilogram of wood ash, 2 kilograms of humus and 7 liters of water.
At the same time, in May it is worth using fertilizers based on nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. In July, the bush needs nitrogen and potassium supplies. Potash compounds are introduced in September.
This variety requires systematic pruning. During the procedure, it is recommended to get rid of the affected and dry branches that do not bear fruit. During the manipulation, 4 vines should be left on each bush.
Preparation for wintering
The variety is resistant to frost. It is able to withstand temperatures as low as -23 degrees. If the region has a harsher climate, the bushes need to be insulated.
How to protect crops from pests
Sometimes grapes suffer from pest attacks. It can also be affected by dangerous diseases. In such a situation, it is worth taking action in time.
During ripening, the fruits attract birds. They quickly peck juicy berries. To protect the plant from birds, it is recommended to install a mesh fence. To scare off small birds, colorful ribbons or scarecrows are used.
Sweet berries often attract wasps. To protect the planting from insects, the brushes should be wrapped in small nylon bags with small cells. With the help of such protection, it will be possible to avoid damage to the grapes by wasps. At the same time, the bags will not interfere with the flow of air and sun to the fruits.
It is also acceptable to use sticky traps. Insecticidal preparations are considered an effective remedy. These include the Delta Zone or Geth. In addition, it is worth finding hornets' nests and taking measures to destroy them.
The plant can be affected by phylloxera, also called grape aphid. These parasites are small in size and yellow-green in color. Pests harm the root system and leaves of the crop.
It is very difficult to cope with phylloxera. To get rid of parasites, it is worth using volatile carbon disulfide. In this case, it is recommended to use a product of concentration 300-400 cubic centimeters. A lower dosage will not give tangible results. For preventive purposes, fungicides are used. Active substances include Aktara and Confidor.
This disease affects many grape varieties. At the same time, white-yellow or black-brown formations appear in the root part of the bush. As the disease develops, the yield parameters decrease and the palatability of the fruits deteriorates.
Coping with this disease is very difficult. Therefore, it is worth paying attention to prevention. When buying seedlings, you should carefully examine them. Any damage can cause the development of the disease.
If the grapes have suffered from bacterial cancer, they will have to be uprooted and burned. After that, the soil should be treated with antibacterial agents - Gamair or Fitolavin.
Harvesting and storage
This grape variety is not recommended to be kept on the bushes until October. Otherwise, its berries will lose their nutmeg flavor. It is recommended to collect the bunches carefully so as not to damage the fruits.
The best way to eat grapes is fresh. It is in such a product that the maximum of vitamins is contained. In a cool place, berries can be stored for 2-3 months. Also, the fruits can be used for the preparation of juices, jellies, marinades.
Rosemus grapes are very popular with farmers. This crop is distinguished by excellent productivity, easily tolerates frost and gives very tasty fruits. In order for the bush to develop normally, it must be properly looked after.