The best control measures, how to permanently get rid of the bindweed on the site

The best control measures, how to permanently get rid of the bindweed on the site



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Weeds are very harmful to the garden, inhibiting the growth of vegetable crops. Some types of weeds are easy to remove, others are more difficult. Among the more difficult to hatch are the field bindweed, also known as birch, loach and dodder. Therefore, you need to know how to permanently beat the bindweed on the site, using the available methods - chemical, mechanical and biological.

The danger of bindweed in the garden

Field bindweed is a herbaceous perennial plant from the family of the same name with an extensive root system, penetrating into the soil layers to a depth of 2-3 meters. The flowers, painted in white, pale purple or pale pink, are funnel-shaped. The flowering period lasts from May to August. This weed is widespread in European and Asian countries.

Despite its visual appeal, the bindweed is dangerous in the potato field, vegetable garden and summer cottage:

  • promotes the fastest drainage of the soil, drawing moisture from it due to the strong root system;
  • long stems quickly twine around cultivated plants, as a result of which they are deprived of light and nutrients;
  • actively reproduces by means of seeds and root system;
  • plays the role of a refuge for numerous insect pests;
  • depletes the soil, slows down the growth of cultivated plants.

Reasons for the appearance of weed

Weed seeds are present in huge quantities in the ground and spread at lightning speed through vegetable gardens and summer cottages. According to scientists, due to the high productivity of the weeds growing on a plot of 4 x 2 square meters, they easily swamp up to 50 hectares of land. The distribution of bindweed in the plots is due to the long and powerful root system, as well as a huge number of ripening seeds.

How to deal with field bindweed in the garden?

There are effective mechanical, chemical and biological methods.

Chemical methods

The most effective way in the fight against field bindweed on the site is a chemical one. It is used in cases where the weed has covered the largest areas of land.

For these purposes, glyphosphate-based herbicides are used:

  • Roundup;
  • "Tornado";
  • "Lintur";
  • "Hurricane".

Treatment with such means must be carried out when a sufficient amount of green mass appears in the field bindweed. Most effective at the beginning of the flowering period. A few days after the treatment, the weed plant will begin to darken, and after a few weeks it will dry out.

To treat the bindweed, a solution of 10 liters of water and 100 ml of the product is prepared, which must be abundantly sprayed on all weed shoots.

It is important that the herbicidal preparation destroys the entire root system of the plant - for this, the procedure will need to be repeated several times.

When working with chemicals, you must wear personal protective equipment and gloves. The rest of the solution should be poured as far as possible from the growth of cultivated plants.

Mechanical destruction

Mechanical weed control is a more gentle, environmentally friendly and, at the same time, labor-intensive option.

The most popular mechanical method is weeding. After this procedure, it is imperative to remove from the site and destroy long rhizomes, as well as the upper part of the bindweed. This will prevent weeds from re-germinating. The optimal time for weeding is spring and autumn.

Biological control measures

Opt for biological weed control methods to avoid the adverse effects of chemicals.

The first method consists in planting green manure plants in a summer cottage. Among them are clover, rapeseed, mustard, as well as other rapidly emerging and densely growing plant crops. As a natural protective barrier, they prevent the weed from growing.

The second method is mulching with straw, sawdust, wood chips and other organic materials. They need to be laid out in a thick layer up to 10-15 centimeters, and then deep digging of the soil is performed.

Fighting with the shadow

The shadow is the enemy of the weeds. To block the access of sunlight to the weed, you need to make a shelter from wooden boards, geotextiles, plywood, roofing material or dark film. As a result, the field bindweed will be deprived of the opportunity to develop.

You can also plant nearby plants that provide ample shade. These can be pumpkins or squash. The bushes of these crops are strong and are not affected by the field bindweed.

Folk remedies

Folk remedies, which are always available in the country house, are also effective.

Soils with a high acidity level are most favorable for the growth of field bindweed. Therefore, it is necessary to alkalinize the soil. In the autumn and spring, it is required to sprinkle it abundantly with wood ash. The use of lime is also allowed, but only in those areas that have not yet been planted with cultivated plants.

For the treatment of places with active growth of bindweed, a solution of table salt is used, prepared in proportions of 1.5 kg of salt per 10 liters of water. It is necessary to spray the solution at a distance of at least thirty centimeters from cultivated plants. You can also use a similar amount of baking soda for this purpose.

If the amount of weed in the garden is small, you can destroy it with boiling water..

Prophylaxis

Competent preventive measures are designed to protect the summer cottage from the abundant spread of weeds.

This requires:

  1. Maintain an optimal level of soil acidity. It can be balanced by adding wood ash or lime.
  2. In the autumn, after harvesting, dig up a vegetable garden. The roots of weeds will be on the surface and freeze during the winter.
  3. Perform another thorough digging of the soil in early spring, before planting crops. At this stage, check for residual weed rhizomes and remove them.
  4. When the first shoots appear, immediately remove them.

Observing all these rules, you can protect the site from the appearance of weeds in the future.


Watch the video: Kill WHITE CLOVER WEED Fast u0026 Easy without Harming your Grass